Child Support in Thailand

Child Support in Thailand. Thailand’s legal system recognizes the responsibility of both parents to financially support their children until they reach the age of 20. This article explores child support arrangements in Thailand, particularly for divorced or separated couples.

Sharing the Responsibility

Thai family law prioritizes the child’s well-being. In an intact family, financial support is usually not an issue. However, when parents separate or divorce, determining child support becomes crucial. There are two main ways to establish child support:

  • Written Agreement: Parents can reach a written agreement outlining the amount and method of child support payments. This agreement should be clear, comprehensive, and ideally reviewed by a lawyer to ensure it complies with Thai law.
  • Court Order: If parents cannot agree on child support terms, a Thai court will make the determination. The court considers the child’s needs (food, shelter, education, healthcare) and the financial capabilities of each parent.

Factors Affecting Child Support Amounts

There’s no fixed formula for child support in Thailand. The court considers several factors when determining the amount, including:

  • Child’s Needs: The child’s age, standard of living, educational expenses, and any special needs play a significant role.
  • Parents’ Income: The court assesses each parent’s income and earning potential to determine a fair contribution.
  • Custody Arrangement: If there’s joint custody, the court might adjust the amount based on the primary caregiver’s financial burden.

Additional Considerations

  • Child Support Duration: Child support obligations typically end when the child reaches 20 years old, unless they are enrolled in full-time higher education.
  • Out-of-Wedlock Children: The biological father of a child born outside marriage isn’t legally obligated to pay child support unless he acknowledges paternity through a court process.

Seeking Professional Guidance

Child support matters can be emotionally charged and legally complex. Consulting a lawyer experienced in Thai family law is highly recommended. They can advise you on your rights and obligations, negotiate agreements, or represent you in court if necessary.


Understanding child support laws in Thailand is essential for separated or divorced parents. By prioritizing clear communication, fair agreements, and, if needed, seeking legal guidance, you can ensure your child receives the financial support they deserve to thrive.

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